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The Ultimate Cigar Guide

Learn the Language of the Leaf

Cigar Shapes

The two main categories of cigar shapes are the Parejo and the Figurado. Parejo refers to the standard shape of cylindrical cigars with straight sides. All other shaped cigars are Figurados.

Parejo

Flat; equal on all sides.

Figurado

Figured; shapely.

Types of Wrappers

Claro


These leaves, also known as Connecticut wrappers, are usually light tan or yellow in color, grown and aged under gauze or cheesecloth to limit sunlight, giving them a mild flavor that allows the flavor of the binder and the filler to come through more fully.question go to app settings and press "Manage Questions" button.




Candela


Also known as Double Claro, these leaves have a light, sweet taste, and they are picked before they have fully matured and aged for a comparatively short time, allowing them to retain some chlorophyll that gives these wrappers a pale green tinge.




Maduro


A prolonged fermentation and aging period over the course of several years gives these leaves a dark brown color and a characteristic sweetness; the longer the leaves are aged, the more pronounced the natural sugars in the leaves become.




Oscuro


Sometimes referred to as Double Maduro, these are the darkest leaves in the lineup of cigar wrappers. They are aged for even longer than Maduro leaves, deepening their inherent sweetness and building a richer, deeper flavor profile.




Corojo


Originally grown in Cuba, the fertile soil of Honduras now supplies the American market with these medium brown tobacco leaves, which have a slightly spicy flavor reminiscent of black pepper.




Habano


Grown from Cuban seed in Nicaraguan soil, these wrappers are even spicier than the Corojo wrappers, with one of the strongest flavor profiles. Cigars wrapped with these leaves are generally best enjoyed by experienced cigar smokers, as beginners will likely find them too strong as an introduction.




Criollo


These leaves are the original tobacco used to roll cigars and were once the most popular leaf used to roll Cuban cigars, though fell from popularity due to the rise of Corojo and Habano wrappers. Their flavor combines a hint of sweetness with some of the peppery spice present in Corojo wrappers.




Rosado


The reddish-brown hue of these wrappers is distinctive to tobacco plants grown in Cuban soil, making them some of the rarest cigar wrappers available. These wrappers are quite spicy and often have an almost earthy flavor.




Sumatra


These sweet, mild leaves originate from the Indonesian island of Sumatra, and they are often used in infused cigars as their mildness enhances the added flavors in the binder and filler.




Cameroon


Grown in both Cameroon and the Central African Republic, these wrappers are among the most delicate leaves and brittle leaves, with fewer oils present to give them elasticity. Their rich, smooth taste is as distinctive as the raised bumps in the grain of their leaves, described as "toothy."





Cigar Size Guide

Cigarillo


Length: 3.5 Ring Gauge: 21 The smallest vitola of a cigar, with the most variation in size, cigarillos can be bought in the United States very cheaply.




Rothschild


Length: 4.5 Ring Gauge: 48 Invented by one of the Rothschilds themselves, this vitola will give you more filler flavor than the thicker Corona and more wrapper flavor than from a longer Robusto.




Maduro


A prolonged fermentation and aging period over the course of several years gives these leaves a dark brown color and a characteristic sweetness; the longer the leaves are aged, the more pronounced the natural sugars in the leaves become.




Robusto


Length: 4.9 Ring Gauge: 50 The most popular size of cigar, the Robusto is known for delivering the truest flavor to what the tobacco blender intended.




Corona


Length: 5.5 Ring Gauge: 42 The smaller ring gauge of a Corona allows more intense flavors to come from the wrapper tobacco than from the smaller amount of filler tobacco.




Toro


Length: 6 Ring Gauge: 50 The most commonly produced size by manufacturers, the Toro has all the flavor of its ring gauge twin the Robusto with an extra inch.




Criollo


These leaves are the original tobacco used to roll cigars and were once the most popular leaf used to roll Cuban cigars, though fell from popularity due to the rise of Corojo and Habano wrappers. Their flavor combines a hint of sweetness with some of the peppery spice present in Corojo wrappers.




Panatela


Length: 6.5 Ring Gauge: 34 The long, skinny Panatela vitola has a smoother burn and taste than bigger vitolas, as well as having a cooler burn.




Lonsdale


Length: 6.5 Ring Gauge: 42 This longer vitola was created for connoisseurs who wanted a longer smoke that had all the flavor complexity of longer cigars with a similar flavor balance between the wrapper and the filler of Coronas.




Churchill


Length: 7 Ring Gauge: 47-50 Named after the British Prime Minister, the Churchill has an extra inch on the Toro, and the longer the cigar, the more time the heat and smoke have to season the filler tobacco, potentially making the flavor even more complex.




Lancero


Length: 7.1 Ring Gauge: 38 With nearly the same proportions as a Panatela, the Lancero smokes similarly to a Churchill in terms of extra complexity and flavor while burning cool and smooth.




Culebra


The Culebra is an unusual specialty size that merits mention, even if it is not necessarily a parejo. Constructed of three Panatelas twisted together, Culebra cigars are often split apart before being smoked, either by oneself or shared among friends. Figurados may have two ring gauges due to their irregular shapes, usually listed like this example: 34/56. The first number refers to the thinnest part of the diameter of the cigar, and the second number refers to the thickest part.